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四川省泸定县Ms6.8级地震地质灾害发育规律与减灾对策

铁永波 张宪政 卢佳燕 梁京涛 王东辉 马志刚 李宗亮 鲁拓 石胜伟 刘民生 巴仁基 何龙江 张新克 甘伟 陈凯 高延超 白永健 龚凌枫 曾孝文 徐伟

铁永波,张宪政,卢佳燕,等. 四川省泸定县Ms6.8级地震地质灾害发育规律与减灾对策[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2022,49(0): 1-12 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202209029
引用本文: 铁永波,张宪政,卢佳燕,等. 四川省泸定县Ms6.8级地震地质灾害发育规律与减灾对策[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2022,49(0): 1-12 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202209029
TIE Yongbo, ZHANG Xianzheng, LU Jiayan, et al. Characteristics of geological hazards and it’s mitigations of the Ms6.8 earthquake in Luding County, Sichuan Province[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2022, 49(0): 1-12 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202209029
Citation: TIE Yongbo, ZHANG Xianzheng, LU Jiayan, et al. Characteristics of geological hazards and it’s mitigations of the Ms6.8 earthquake in Luding County, Sichuan Province[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2022, 49(0): 1-12 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202209029

四川省泸定县Ms6.8级地震地质灾害发育规律与减灾对策

doi: 10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202209029
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(U20A20110-01);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20221746)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    铁永波(1979-),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,博士生导师,主要从事地质灾害形成机理与防治研究。E-mail:tyongbo@mail.cgs.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: 中图分类号: 文献标志码:A

Characteristics of geological hazards and it’s mitigations of the Ms6.8 earthquake in Luding County, Sichuan Province

  • 摘要: 2022年9月5日四川省泸定县Ms6.8级地震诱发大量次生地质灾害。为深入认识此次地震地质灾害发育分布规律及特征,分析地质灾害发展趋势及潜在风险,文章在现场调查获取的一手资料,结合震区首轮地质灾害排查资料、遥感解译和区域地质背景资料综合研究,对地震地质灾害的特征、控灾条件及防灾减灾对策进行了研究。结果表明:截至2022年9月14日22时,地震重灾区泸定县和石棉县境内共诱发有威胁对象的地质灾害隐患点565处,包括崩塌331处、滑坡234处,导致81处已有地质灾害隐患点加剧变形;地震诱发的地质灾害类型主要以中、小型群发性高位崩塌和滑坡为主,主要集中分布在震中附近地震烈度Ⅸ度区域,包括泸定县磨西镇、得妥乡、得妥乡—德威镇段大渡河两岸及石棉县草科乡、王岗坪乡;位于地震烈度Ⅸ度区内的湾东河等流域,根据汶川地震经验认为,在未来5年内泥石流将处于活跃期,泥石流防治工程设计需考虑其高频率、黏性泥石流等特征;得妥乡—德威镇段大渡河两岸残留在坡面的崩滑体在降雨作用下易转化成坡面泥石流,建议在防治工程设计时要充分考虑两种灾害类型的转化形式。研究可为震区地震地质灾害防范及灾后重建规划提供科学参考。
  • 图  1  研究区地质概况图

    Figure  1.  Geological overview of the study area

    图  2  研究区震前地质灾害分布图

    Figure  2.  Distribution of geological disasters before earthquakes in the study area

    图  3  震区震前地质灾害点与地震烈度统计图

    Figure  3.  Statistical map of geological hazard points and seismic intensity before the earthquake in the study area.

    图  4  研究区地震新增地质灾害分布图

    Figure  4.  Distribution map of new seismic geological disasters in the study area.

    图  5  震区典型地质灾害发育特征

    Figure  5.  Characteristics of typical geological hazards in seismic area.

    图  6  大岗山水电站至王岗坪乡区域地震前后地质灾害发育情况对比图

    注:(a)中地质灾害解译分布图来源于四川省地质调查院,数据由四川测绘地理信息局提供,分辨率0.2 m,航摄时间20220909;(b)中影像数据为资源三号卫星影像,分辨率2 m,拍摄时间20210210。

    Figure  6.  Comparison of geological hazards’ distribution in the area from Dagangshan hydropower station to Wanggangping Town before and after the earthquake.

    图  7  研究区地震InSAR形变场(四川省地质调查院提供)

    Figure  7.  Seismic InSAR deformation field in the study area (provided by Sichuan Geological Survey)

    表  1  震区震前地质灾害点统计表

    Table  1.   Statistics of geological hazard points before the earthquake in the study area.

    市(州)县(地级市)滑坡/处泥石流/处崩塌/处合计/处
    甘孜州泸定县160124593431170
    康定市517941171
    九龙县14318648377
    雅江县1767231279
    雅安市石棉县31656102316
    天全县330336
    荥经县407451
    汉源县10999127
    凉山州甘洛县833226141311
    冕宁县611036170
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  震区震前和震后地质灾害点与地震烈度统计表

    Table  2.   Statistics of geological hazard points and seismic intensity before and after the earthquake in the earthquake area

    不同烈度区震后新增地质灾害/处
    崩塌滑坡泥石流合计
    2411035*
    6630298*
    60726138
    1711212294
    注:*表明仅统计Ⅵ度和Ⅶ度部分范围内的新增地震灾害点。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-09-13
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