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排水抗滑桩技术研究现状及展望

王文沛 殷跃平 王立朝 沈亚麒 石鹏卿 李瑞冬 何清 陈亮 殷保国

王文沛,殷跃平,王立朝,等. 排水抗滑桩技术研究现状及展望[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2022,49(0): 1-11 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
引用本文: 王文沛,殷跃平,王立朝,等. 排水抗滑桩技术研究现状及展望[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2022,49(0): 1-11 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
WANG Wenpei, YIN Yueping, WANG Lichao, et al. Status and prospects of studies on anti-slide shaft technology[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2022, 49(0): 1-11 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
Citation: WANG Wenpei, YIN Yueping, WANG Lichao, et al. Status and prospects of studies on anti-slide shaft technology[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2022, 49(0): 1-11 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028

排水抗滑桩技术研究现状及展望

doi: 10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
基金项目: 甘肃省自然资源厅重点科学技术研究项目 (2021-001);国家自然科学基金项目(41977258; 41731287);中国地质调查局地质调查项目 (DD20221748)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王文沛(1985-),男,博士,正高级工程师,主要从事地质灾害防治工作。E-mail:jcywangwenpei@mail.cgs.gov.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈亮(1983-),男,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事地质灾害调查评价工作。E-mail:64482586@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: U443.15

Status and prospects of studies on anti-slide shaft technology

  • 摘要: 排水抗滑桩技术一方面可以克服传统抗滑桩不利坡内渗流排水的问题,另一方面减少了竖向排水、抗滑等结构单独施作时的开挖工程量,并可充分提供水化热散热面,确保整体结构的质量,因此成为现代滑坡防治工程中重要的技术手段,也是近年来地质灾害、水文地质及地下工程等学科持续关注的新型技术。排水抗滑桩技术涉及流体力学和固体力学,以及水动力模型、结构模型、工程地质模型等,理论体系尚不够成熟,且存在空间结构组合相对复杂、施工技术难度较大等问题,其进一步推广运用受到制约,需要开展有针对性的现状总结研究。在查阅大量国内外相关文献、专利和实际工程应用的基础上,对现有排水抗滑桩结构(抗液化桩、空心排水抗滑桩、箱型排水抗滑桩等)特征及分类进行系统归纳发现:结构上通常与集排水结构形成“渗-集-排”抗滑组合立体结构系统,主体抗滑形式多为桩型或键型,“渗-集-排”结构通常包括透水孔、辐射状渗水孔和排水花管;通过对典型应用实例的综合分析,指出排水抗滑桩虽已具有显著提高稳定性的优势,但距离其广泛使用和多元化发展还有一定距离。据此提出目前排水抗滑桩研究中施工工艺复杂、力学性能和排水特性不明晰、抗滑稳定性计算理论不完善、平面布置优化方法待加强等是今后该领域需要关注的重要科学问题和主要发展趋势,这些科学问题的解决不仅有利于完善排水抗滑桩力学和排水理论,而且有利于提升排水抗滑桩整体应用水平。
  • 图  1  排水抗滑桩剖面示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the profile of the anti-slide shaft

    表  1  排水抗滑桩特征、分类及代表类型

    Table  1.   Characteristics, classification and representative types of anti-slide shaft

    分类集排水结构特征抗滑段断面特征排水方式代表类型
    集水结构排水结构
    抗滑桩型桩周预制凹槽实心重力抗液化桩[11]
    空心排水管、排水隧洞空心重力空心排水抗滑桩[4, 12]、箱型排水抗滑桩[8]
    排水抗滑拱圈[13]、排水锚拉抗滑桩等[14]
    实心真孔泵抽水、虹吸排水、
    电磁电热排水等
    虹吸排水抗滑桩[15]、热力耦合抗滑桩[16]
    真空排水抗滑桩等[17]
    充填透水材料真孔泵抽水、虹吸排水虹吸排水抗滑桩、真空排水抗滑桩等
    实心桩芯外套集水结构实心真孔泵抽水自适应排水抗滑桩[18]、集水防液化抗滑桩等[19]
    抗滑键型空心管片外周护壁桩排水管、排水隧洞抗滑键外周护壁桩重力护壁排水抗滑组合桩[20-22]
    其他型式截水墙排水隧洞实心重力截水导流式桩板墙[9, 23]
    下载: 导出CSV
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