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地表基质综合调查:内涵、分层、填图与支撑目标

殷志强 陈自然 李霞 卫晓锋 邵海

殷志强,陈自然,李霞,等. 地表基质综合调查:内涵、分层、填图与支撑目标[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2023,50(1): 144-151 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202205004
引用本文: 殷志强,陈自然,李霞,等. 地表基质综合调查:内涵、分层、填图与支撑目标[J]. 水文地质工程地质,2023,50(1): 144-151 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202205004
YIN Zhiqiang, CHEN Ziran, LI Xia, et al. Connotation, layering, mapping and supporting objectives of the integrated survey of ground substrates[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2023, 50(1): 144-151 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202205004
Citation: YIN Zhiqiang, CHEN Ziran, LI Xia, et al. Connotation, layering, mapping and supporting objectives of the integrated survey of ground substrates[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2023, 50(1): 144-151 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202205004

地表基质综合调查:内涵、分层、填图与支撑目标

doi: 10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202205004
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41977258);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20221761)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    殷志强(1980-),男,博士,正高级工程师,主要从事第四纪环境演变与地表基质研究。E-mail:yinzhiqiang@mail.cgs.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: X141

Connotation, layering, mapping and supporting objectives of the integrated survey of ground substrates

  • 摘要: 地表基质综合调查评价是支撑自然资源管理和服务宜林宜草、宜耕宜荒的基础性工作。关于地表基质综合调查的理论基础、目标定位、科学内涵、填图方法及分类分层等是目前探索的焦点与热点。文章在近年来承德生态文明示范区地表基质综合调查与多尺度填图的基础上,结合全国不同典型地区地表基质调查研究试点工作,进一步厘清了地表基质的科学内涵与支撑服务目标,建立了地表基质第三级分类方案和填图单元及命名方式,提出了地表基质调查中生产层、生态层和生活层的深度范围,最后从支撑塞罕坝地区植树造林和坝上地区狼毒草生态防治两个案例揭示了地表基质对植被群落的约束作用。研究成果可为深入理解地表基质的科学意义和开展全国范围的地表基质调查、监测、评价、区划提供基础参考。
  • 图  1  地表基质层位置及剖面结构图(据文献[19],有修改)

    Figure  1.  Cross-sectional structure of the ground substrate layer (modified after Ref. [19])

    图  2  柴白河流域残坡积物平均厚度统计图

    Figure  2.  Statistical histogram of the average thickness of the eluvium and deluvium deposits in the Chaibai River basin

    图  3  承德柴白河流域地表基质三级填图单元

    Figure  3.  Third-level mapping unit of ground substrate in the Chaibai River Basin of Chengde

    图  4  张承坝上高原典型地表基质与植被生长约束

    Figure  4.  Typical ground substrate and vegetation growth constraints in the Bashang Plateau of Zhangjiakou—Chengde

    图  5  御道口牧场区不同地表基质层垂向结构与植被约束特征

    Figure  5.  Constraint characteristics of vertical structure of different ground substrates on vegetation in the Yudaokou pasture area

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-02
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-27
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-13

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