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Volume 50 Issue 2
Mar.  2023
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WANG Wenpei, YIN Yueping, WANG Lichao, et al. Studies on status and prospects of anti-slide shaft technology[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2023, 50(2): 73-83 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
Citation: WANG Wenpei, YIN Yueping, WANG Lichao, et al. Studies on status and prospects of anti-slide shaft technology[J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2023, 50(2): 73-83 doi:  10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028

Studies on status and prospects of anti-slide shaft technology

doi: 10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.202206028
  • Received Date: 2022-06-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-10-15
  • Available Online: 2023-03-14
  • Publish Date: 2023-03-15
  • On one hand, anti-slide shaft technology can overcome the problems of blocking the seepage and drainage path in the slope by traditional anti-slide piles. On the other hand, it can reduce the excavation quantities when the vertical drainage and anti slide structures are separately constructed. Besides, it can fully provide the hydration-heat dissipation surface to ensure the overall structure quality. It has been an important technology in modern landslide prevention engineering, and the novel one of geological disaster, hydrogeology and underground engineering in recent years. The anti-slide shaft technology involves hydrodynamic mechanics and solid mechanics, as well as hydrodynamic model, structural model, engineering geological model, etc. Besides, its promoted application is restricted by some problems, such as the lack of mature theoretical system, the relatively complex of this spatial structural combination, and the difficulty of the construction technology. Thus, it is necessary to carry out targeted current status summary research. Based on a large number of relevant documents, patents and practical engineering applications at home and abroad, we summarize the characteristics and classification of anti-slide shaft structure (anti-liquefaction pile, hollow anti-slide shaft, box anti-slide shaft, etc), and find that the anti-slide shaft structure are mostly pile-type or tie-type, forming a 3-D structure system with the combination characteristics of seepage, collection, drainage and anti-slide. This kind of seepage-collection-drainage structures usually include water permeable holes, radiant seepage holes and drainage pipes. The demonstration of typical application examples show that although the anti-slide shafts have the advantage of significant improvement on the stability, there is still a large optimization space from its extensive use and diversification. Thus, the current complex construction process, unclear mechanical properties and drainage characteristics, imperfect stability calculation theory, plane layout optimization method to be improved in anti-slide shaft technology are important scientific issues and research trend, which need to be paid attention in the future. The solutions of these scientific problems are not only beneficial to improving the mechanical and drainage theory, but also beneficial to improving the overall application level of anti-slide shaft technology.
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