[1]王嘉瑜,蒲生彦,胡玥,等.地下水污染风险预警等级及阈值确定方法研究综述[J].水文地质工程地质,2020,47(2):43-50.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.201907044]
 WANG Jiayu,PU Shengyan,HU Yue,et al.Review on the determination methods for early warning grade and threshold of groundwater pollution risk[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2020,47(2):43-50.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.201907044]
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地下水污染风险预警等级及阈值确定方法研究综述()
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《水文地质工程地质》[ISSN:1000-3665/CN:11-2202/P]

卷:
47卷
期数:
2020年2期
页码:
43-50
栏目:
水文地质
出版日期:
2020-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review on the determination methods for early warning grade and threshold of groundwater pollution risk
文章编号:
1000-3665(2020)02-0043-08
作者:
王嘉瑜12蒲生彦12胡玥12李博文12
1.地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室/成都理工大学,四川 成都610059;2.国家环境保护水土污染协同控制与联合修复重点实验室/成都理工大学生态环境学院,四川 成都610059
Author(s):
WANG Jiayu12 PU Shengyan12 HU Yue12 LI Bowen12
1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection/Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan610059, China;2.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Synergetic Control and Joint Remediation for Soil & Water Pollution/Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan610059, China
关键词:
地下水污染风险预警预警等级阈值
Keywords:
groundwater pollution risk warning early warning classification threshold value
分类号:
P641.3
DOI:
10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.201907044
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
预警等级及阈值的科学确定对地下水污染风险预警系统的建立起着至关重要的作用。当前我国地下水污染风险预警相关研究尚处在探索阶段,未形成科学完备的理论与方法体系。文章基于国内外已有研究报道,较系统地梳理了地下水污染风险预警相关研究,归纳总结了预警等级及阈值确定方法的研究现状,并对进一步研究做了展望。目前阈值主要的划定方法有相关标准法、临界值法、综合评判法等。相关标准法适用于大尺度宏观区域,临界值法在基础资料较完善的研究区域具有较强的针对性和准确性,而综合评判法能够处理多个变量因素,能对定性因素做出量化评价,适用于变量、定性因素较多的研究区域,为不同条件研究区地下水污染风险预警等级划分及阈值划定方法的选择提供了理论依据。最后指出在完善我国地下水污染风险预警体系理论方法的工作中,应当进一步关注:(1)多学科研究成果的交叉渗透,借助多方法交互应用;(2)加强与地下水污染相关的水文地质调查与监测工作,不断提高地下水污染调查研究程度;(3)综合分析地质、污染源、地下水价值及动态等地下水污染影响因素,以提高预警结果科学性。
Abstract:
It is very important to determine the reasonable threshold of groundwater pollution risk early warning for the establishment of a groundwater pollution early warning system. At present, however, the threshold of groundwater pollution risk early warning in our country is in the exploration stage, and has not formed a perfect theoretical method system. Based on the relevant research results at home and abroad, this paper systematically combs the research methods of groundwater pollution risk early warning, summarizes the research progress of groundwater pollution risk early warning levels and threshold delimitation methods. The methods of threshold delimitation mainly include the established criteria method, threshold setting method, comprehensive evaluation method and other methods. This paper compares the applicable conditions of various threshold delimitation methods. The established criteria method is applicable to the macro region on a large scale. The threshold setting method has strong pertinence and accuracy in the research region with perfect basic data. The comprehensive evaluation method can deal with multiple variable factors, make quantitative evaluation on qualitative factors, and is applicable to the research region with more variables and qualitative factors. The conclusions provide a theoretical basis for the early warning classification of groundwater pollution risk and the selection of threshold delimitation methods in different study areas. Finally, this paper points out that the following two works should be further strengthened in improving the theoretical methods of groundwater pollution risk early warning system in China: (1) Strengthen the cross penetration of multi-disciplinary research results, with the help of multi-method interactive application. (2) Strengthen the hydrogeological investigation and monitoring related to groundwater pollution, and continuously improve the level of groundwater pollution investigation and research. (3) In order to obtain the scientific early warning results, the influencing factors of groundwater pollution, such as geology, pollution sources, groundwater value and dynamics, are analyzed comprehensively.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-06-20; 修订日期: 2019-08-10
基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2018ZX07109);国家自然科学基金(41772264)
第一作者: 王嘉瑜(1990-),男,硕士研究生,助理工程师,主要从事地下水污染风险预警与修复技术研究。E-mail:wangjiayu11@outlook.com
通讯作者: 蒲生彦(1981-),男,博士(后),教授,主要从事环境污染风险评估预警、水土污染协同修复等相关的研究。E-mail: pushengyan13@cdut.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-15