[1]赵龙,罗勇,李玉梅,等.北京平原区地裂缝受灾体形态特征及影响因素[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(06):156-164.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.06.21]
 ZHAO Long,LUO Yong,LI Yumei,et al.Characteristics of disaster-affected bodies and influence factors for earth fissure in Beijing Plain[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(06):156-164.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.06.21]
点击复制

北京平原区地裂缝受灾体形态特征及影响因素()
分享到:

《水文地质工程地质》[ISSN:1000-3665/CN:11-2202/P]

卷:
46卷
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
156-164
栏目:
环 境 地 质
出版日期:
2019-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of disaster-affected bodies and influence factors for earth fissure in Beijing Plain
文章编号:
1000-3665(2019)06-0156-09
作者:
赵龙1罗勇1李玉梅2张有全3刘贺1沙特1孔祥如1齐鸣欢1田苗壮1王新惠1
1.北京市地质环境监测总站,北京100195;2中国地震局发展研究中心,北京100045;3.首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院,北京100037
Author(s):
ZHAO Long1 LUO Yong1 LI Yumei2 ZHANG Youquan3 LIU He1SHA Te1 KONG Xiangru1 QI Minghuan1 TIAN Miaozhuang1 WANG Xinhui1
1.Beijing Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring, Beijing100195,China; 2.Development Research Center of China Earthquake Administration, Beijing100045,China; 3.Department of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing100037,China
关键词:
地裂缝拉张形变垂向错动地下水差异沉降北京平原
Keywords:
ground fissure tensile deformation vertical dislocation groundwater different subsidence Beijing Plain
分类号:
P642.26
DOI:
10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.06.21
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在调查和监测中发现北京平原区地裂缝受灾体灾害表现形式不同,具有显著的区域特点。为揭示其形成过程,指导地裂缝防治工作,本文以宋庄地裂缝、高丽营地裂缝两处典型地裂缝作为靶区,从受灾体、剖面、深度、活动四方面揭示两处地裂缝形态特征,分析不同因素对二者差异化形态特征塑造的影响。结果显示:(1)宋庄地裂缝受灾体表现出明显的拉张变形,剖面上地裂缝上宽下窄铅直纵向延伸,深部未与隐伏断裂重接复合;高丽营地裂缝受灾体表现为显著的垂向错动及剪切破坏,剖面上地裂缝曲折纵向延伸,错开上下两盘地层,深部与隐伏断裂重接复合。(2)地震及区域应力场对两处地裂缝的水平形态特征进行塑造;地下水超采引发的土体差异性水平运动形成的拉应力作用于宋庄地裂缝,并对宋庄地裂缝形态进行再次塑造;高丽营地裂缝继承了黄庄—高丽营断裂形态特征;小区域差异沉降对垂向形态特征进行再次塑造。(3)宋庄地裂缝发育主要受地下水开采影响,对此类地裂缝防治应实施地下水减采、压采限采等方式,高丽营地裂缝发育受地下水开采及隐伏断裂双重影响。对此类地裂缝的防治除控制水位下降外,还需实时监测隐伏断裂活动情况,建立有效的预警预报体系。
Abstract:
In the investigation and monitoring, it is found that the forms of the ground fissure disaster body in the Beijing plain area are different and are of remarkable regional characteristics. This paper aims to reveal the formation process and guide the prevention work of the earth fissures. Two typical ground fissures, namely the Songzhuang fissures and Gaoliying fissures, are selected in this study. The morphological characteristics of the Songzhuang and Gaoliying fissures are investigated, including the affected bodies, profiles, depths and activity aspects. The different morphological characteristics of the occurrence for the Songzhuang and Gaoliying fissures are analyzed based on varieties factors. The results indicate that (1) the affected body of the Songzhuang fissure exhibits obvious tensile deformation, the fissures extend vertically in trench. It is not in contact with the buried faults. The fracture affected body of the Gaoliying fissure shows obvious vertical dislocation and shear, and it extends with zigzag feature in trench, and offsets the strata. It is compounded with the buried faults. (2) The level morphological characteristics of the ground fissures are influenced by the earthquake and the regional stress field, and the morphology of the ground fissures in Songzhuang is reshaped by concentration of tensile stress, which were developed by the horizontal movement of soil mass caused by groundwater overdraft. The Gaoliying ground fissures inherits the morphological characteristics of the Huangzhuang-Gaoliying fault, and differential settlement in the small area accelerates the development of the Gaoliying fracture. (3) Groundwater exploitation is the main factor affecting the Songzhuang fissures. Groundwater exploration should be reduced for prevention and control of the ground fissure. Both the buried faults and groundwater exploitation are the main factors for the developmennt of the Gaoliying crack. For prevention and control of the ground fissure, decline in groundwater levels should be limited, real-time monitoring of the fault activities is needed , and an effective warning and forecasting system is established.

参考文献/References:

[1]北京市地质矿产勘查开发局.北京地质灾害[M].北京:中国大地出版社,2008:56-57.
[Beijing Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources Exploration. Geology disaster of Beijing [M]. Beijing:China Land Press,2008:56-57.(in Chinese)]
[2]赵龙,罗勇,武增宽,等.北京市平原区高精度(1∶5万)地面沉降和地裂缝调查报告[R].北京:北京市水文地质工程地质大队,2018.
[ZHAO L, LUO Y, WU Z K, et.al. High accuracy (1∶50000) investigation report of ground subsidence and ground fissure in Beijing plain area[R].Beijing: Beijing Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, 2018.(in Chinese)]
[3]赵龙,李玉梅,崔文君,等.北京宋庄地裂缝灾害特征及影响因素分析[J].工程地质学报,2018,26(6):1600-1610.
[ZHAO L, LI Y M, CUI W J, et al. Disaster characteristics and influence factors for Songzhuang, earth fissure in Beijing[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology,2018,26(6):1600-1610. (in Chinese)]
[4]中华人民共和国地质矿产部.北京市区域地质志[M].北京:地质出版社, 1991.
[Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources of the People’s Republic of China.Regional geology of Beijing[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House,1991.(in Chinese)]
[5]张磊,张晓亮,白凌燕,等.北京地区黄庄—高丽营断裂北段活动性研究与灾害效应分析[J].地质力学学报,2017,23(4):548-557.
[ZHANG L, ZHANG X L, BAI L Y, et.al. Activity study and disaster effect analysis of the north section of Huangzhuang—Gaoliying fault in Beijing[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 2017,23(4):548-557.(in Chinese)]
[6]刘保金,胡平,陈颙,等.北京平原西北部地壳浅部结构和隐伏活动断裂——由地震反射剖面揭示[J].地球物理学报,2009,52(8):2015-2025.
[LIU B J, HU P, CHEN Y, et.al. The crustal shallow structures and buried active faults revealed by seismic reflection profiles in northwestern area of Beijing plain[J].Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2009,52(8):2015-2025.(in Chinese)]
[7]徐锡伟.首都圈地区地壳最新构造变动与地震[M].北京:科学出版社,2002.
[XU X W.Latest crustal tectonic changes and earthquakes in the capital region[M].Beijing:Science Press,2002.(in Chinese)]
[8]贾三满,郭萌.从高丽营探槽分析黄庄—高丽营断裂与地裂缝的关系[J].城市地质,2007(4):24-28.
[JIA S M, GUO M. Relation between Huangzhuang-Gaoliying fault and by Gaoliying trench and earth fissure[J].Urban Geology,2007(4): 24-28.(in Chinese)]
[9]李志明,杨旭东,兰剑梅,等.河北邢台柏乡地裂缝成因分析[J].水文地质工程地质,2010,37(2):135-138.
[LIU Z M, YANG X D, LAN J M,et al. An analysis of earth fissure at Baixiang country Xingtaicity[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2010,37(2):135-138(in Chinese)]
[10]地震考古组. 北京市地震地质会战研究成果汇编(1): 北京地区历史地震资料年表长编[C]. 北京:北京市地震地质会战办公室, 1977.
[Earthquake Archaeology Team. Compilation of research works on earthquake geology in Beijing (1): Beijing area of historical earthquake data of long series[C]. Beijing:Beijing Earthquake Geology Office, 1977.(in Chinese)]
[11]徐继山.华北陆缘盆地地裂缝成因机理研究[D].西安:长安大学, 2012.
[XU J S. Study on the formation mechanism of ground fissures in North China Epicontinental Basin [J].Xi’an: Chang’an University,2012.(in Chinese)]
[12]田芳,罗勇,周毅,等.北京地面沉降与地下水开采时空演变对比[J].南水北调与水利科技,2017,15(2):163-169.
[TIAN F, LUO Y, ZHOU Y, et al. Contrastive analysis of spatialtemporal evolution between land subsidence and groundwater exploitation in Beijing[J].South to North Water Transfers and Water Science and Technology,2017,15(2): 163-169.(in Chinese)]
[13]杨为民,张永双,黄晓,等.徐水县北楼村漕河地裂缝形成机理及其演化[J].水文地质工程地质,2014,41(2):122-128.
[YANG W M, ZHANG Y S, HUANG X, et.al. Formation mechanism and evolution of the Caohe River earth fissure in the Bailou Village of Xushui county[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2014,41(2):122-128.(in Chinese)]
[14]雷坤超,罗勇,陈蓓蓓,等. 北京平原区地面沉降分布特征及影响因素[J].中国地质, 2016, 43(6): 2216-2225.
[LEI K C, LUO Y, CHEN B B, et al. Distribution characteristics and influence factors of land subsidence in Beijing area[J]. Geology in China,2016, 43(6): 2216-2225.(in Chinese)]
[15]BOUWER H. Land subsidence and cracking due to groundwater depletion[J].Groundwater, 2010, 15(5):358-364.
[16]HELM D C. Horizontal aquifer movement in a Theis-Thiem confined system[J].Water Resources Research, 1994, 30(4):953-964.

相似文献/References:

[1]李志明,杨旭东,兰剑梅,等.河北邢台柏乡地裂缝成因分析[J].水文地质工程地质,2010,37(2):135.
 LI Zhi-ming,YANG Xu-dong,LAN Jian-mei,et al.An analysis of earth fissure at Baixiang County,Xingtai City[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2010,37(06):135.
[2]李新生,王万平,王静,等.西安地裂缝两盘地层岩土物理力学性质研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(2):58.
 LI Xin-sheng~,WANG Wan-ping~,WANG Jing~,et al.Research on physical and mechanical properties of strata on both sides of Xi’an ground fractures[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(06):58.
[3]石玉玲,门玉明,彭建兵,等.西安城区地裂缝破裂扩展的数值模拟[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(6):56.
 SHI Yu-ling,MEN Yu-ming,PENG Jian-bing,et al.Numerical simulation of ground-fissure cracking and extending in Xi’an[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(06):56.
[4]朱锦旗,焦珣,于军,等.基于GA-ANN的苏锡常地裂缝危险性评价[J].水文地质工程地质,2008,35(4):106.
 ZHU Jin-qi,JIAO Xun,YU Jun,et al.Evaluation of earth fissures based on GA-ANN coupling model in the Suzhou-Wuxi-Changzhou area[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2008,35(06):106.
[5]王哲成,张 云.地下水超采引起的地裂缝灾害的研究进展[J].水文地质工程地质,2012,39(2):88.
 WANG Zhe-cheng,ZHANG Yun. Advances in research on the earth fissure induced by groundwater over-exploitation[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2012,39(06):88.
[6]黄强兵,马玉杰,姜紫看,等.地裂缝活动作用下地层应力和位移传递规律研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2018,45(1):144.
 HUANG Qiangbing,MA Yujie,JIANG Zikan,et al.A study of the transfer law of formation stress and displacement induced by active ground fissures[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2018,45(06):144.
[7]顾春生,龚绪龙,孙强,等.基于光纤传感技术的地裂缝物理模型试验[J].水文地质工程地质,2018,45(03):118.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.16]
 GU Chunsheng,GONG Xulong,SUN Qiang,et al.Model tests on the ground fissures based on the optical fiber sensing technology[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2018,45(06):118.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.16]
[8]黄强兵,姜紫看,邓亚虹,等.穿越地裂缝带地铁隧道结构分段长度优化研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(2):109.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.02.15]
 HUANG Qiangbing,JIANG Zikan,DENG Yahong,et al.Optimal length for segmented structure of the metro tunnel obliquely crossing active ground fissure zone[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(06):109.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.02.15]
[9]邵长庆,杨强,李浩,等.活动断层作用下地裂缝开裂机理研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2019,46(04):34.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.04.05]
 SHAO Changqing,YANG Qiang,LI Hao,et al.A study of the cracking mechanism of ground fissures under the action of active faults[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2019,46(06):34.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2019.04.05]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-03-27; 修订日期: 2019-06-10
基金项目: 北京市科技计划课题(Z191100001419007);北京市财政专项(PXM2019_158305_000012)
第一作者: 赵龙(1990-),男,硕士,工程师,主要从事地裂缝监测与研究工作。E-mail:zszhaolong0123@yeah.net
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-15