[1]张彧齐,周训,刘海生,等.云南兰坪—思茅盆地红层中温泉和盐泉的水文地质特征[J].水文地质工程地质,2018,45(03):40.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.05]
 ZHANG Yuqi,ZHOU Xun,LIU Haisheng,et al.Hydrogeological characteristics of the hot springs and salty springs occurring in the redbeds in the Lanping-Simao Basin of Yunnan[J].Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology,2018,45(03):40.[doi:10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.05]
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云南兰坪—思茅盆地红层中温泉和盐泉的水文地质特征()
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《水文地质工程地质》[ISSN:1000-3665/CN:11-2202/P]

卷:
45卷
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
40
栏目:
水 文 地 质
出版日期:
2018-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Hydrogeological characteristics of the hot springs and salty springs occurring in the redbeds in the Lanping-Simao Basin of Yunnan
文章编号:
1000-3665(2018)03-0040-09
作者:
张彧齐1周训12刘海生1谭梦如1海阔1余鸣潇1霍冬雪1
1.中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院,北京100083;2.中国地质大学(北京)地下水循环与环境演化教育部重点实验室,北京100083
Author(s):
ZHANG Yuqi1 ZHOU Xun12 LIU Haisheng1 TAN Mengru1 HAI Kuo1 YU Mingxiao1 HUO Dongxue1
1. School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing100083, China; 2. MOE Key Laboratory of Groundwater Circulation and Environmental Evolution, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing100083, China
关键词:
温泉盐泉地下水红层兰坪—思茅盆地
Keywords:
hot spring salty spring groundwater red layer Lanping-Simao Basin
分类号:
P641.12
DOI:
10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2018.03.05
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
云南西部兰坪—思茅盆地位于藏南—滇西地热带和羌北—滇西盐类成矿带东南部,红层分布广泛,盆地内温泉、盐泉和咸泉数量众多,有些温泉沉积钙华。分析了红层的岩性特征和地下水类型,出露于红层泉水的成因机制以及钙华的成因和控制因素,盆地盐泉或咸泉的找钾特征系数及其在预测找钾远景中的应用。盆地内红层地下水的分布受到岩性、构造和地貌的控制,风化裂隙水分布局限,以夹层型层间裂隙水和溶孔水为主。温泉均为深循环泉,盐泉或咸泉多为溶滤成因的浅循环泉。影响温泉附近钙华沉积的水化学因素主要包括pH、CO2含量或CO2分压、Ca2+和HCO-3含量,可以用Ca2+/HCO-3毫克当量比值和方解石饱和指数判断钙华沉积趋势。盐泉或咸泉的比例系数有助于预测找钾远景。
Abstract:
The Lanping-Simao Basin in western Yunnan is located in the southeast part of the Southern Tibet-Western Yunnan geothermal zone and the Qiangbei-Western Yunnan salt mineralization zone, where red strata widely occur. There are many hot springs, salty springs and saline springs in the basin, and some of the hot springs deposit travertines. This paper briefly introduces the lithology of the red layers and types of groundwater occurrence in the red beds, and describes the formation mechanism of the springs occurring in the red beds and the control factors for deposition of the travertines. The hydrochemical characteristic ratios of salty or saline springs for prediction of the prospect of potash ore are also briefly described. The distribution of groundwater in the red beds in the basin is controlled by lithology, tectonics and topography. The distribution of weathering fissure water is limited, and the interlayer fissure water and dissolution pore water are the main types. The hot springs are all of the deep-circulation type, while the salty and saline springs are mainly of the shallow-circulation type and undergo incongruent dissolution of the salt-bearing red beds. The chemical factors affecting the deposition of travertine near the hot springs mainly include pH, content of CO2 or partial pressure of CO2, and contents of Ca2+ and HCO-3. The values of equivalent ratio of Ca2+/HCO-3 and saturation index of calcite can be used to predict the trend of travertine deposition. The ion ratios of the salty and saline springs are helpful in predicting the prospects of potash exploration.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2017-07-12; 修订日期: 2017-09-14
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41572223);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2652016098;2652015426);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2011CB403005)
第一作者: 张彧齐(1993-),女,博士研究生,主要从事水文地质学专业的研究。 E-mail:zhangyuqi9329@163.com通讯作者: 周训(1963-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事海岸带地下水、地下热水(温泉)、地下卤水(盐泉)、矿泉水和地下水循环及其模拟等的研究。E-mail:zhouxun@cugb.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-05-15